Religious sectarianism has historically been a powerful driver for many conflicts in churches, parachurch organizations, and other faith-based organizations. The phenomenon of identity & religion and how they relate to conflict is the subject of this module. Are our different identities the primary reason why humans are unable to relate peacefully? This module discusses: ethnic identity, ethnocentrism, historical formation of identity, culture and identity, and psychological perspectives on identity. Religious beliefs play a critical part in identity-based conflicts. Misunderstandings about different interpretations of the Divine and religion have played a significant role in violent conflicts throughout the world. Topics discussed include political perspectives of identity and religion, major religious traditions, and views about war and peace. More importantly, the module will suggest skills in intervening in identity & religious conflicts.